Ferrous sulfate is a type of iron supplement that is used to treat and prevent iron deficiency anemia. Iron is an essential mineral that the body needs to produce red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body, so if you have iron deficiency anemia, you may not get enough oxygen to your tissues and organs. This can cause symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and pale skin.
Ferrous sulfate is available over-the-counter or by prescription. It comes in tablets, capsules, drops, and liquid form. The dosage of ferrous sulfate will vary depending on your individual needs and the severity of your iron deficiency anemia.
Ferrous sulfate is generally well-tolerated, but it can cause some side effects, such as constipation, diarrhea, nausea, and stomach upset. These side effects are usually mild and temporary. If you experience any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
It is important to take ferrous sulfate on an empty stomach, at least 30 minutes before eating or 2 hours after eating. This will help your body absorb the iron more easily. You should also avoid taking ferrous sulfate with other medications, such as antacids, calcium supplements, and tetracycline antibiotics, as these can interfere with iron absorption.
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, talk to your doctor before taking ferrous sulfate. Ferrous sulfate is generally safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women, but it is important to take the correct dosage.
Here are some additional things to keep in mind about ferrous sulfate:
Ferrous sulfate can turn your stools black. This is a normal side effect and is not harmful.
If you miss a dose of ferrous sulfate, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the scheduled time. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed dose.
Ferrous sulfate can interact with some other medications, so it is important to tell your doctor about all of the medications you are taking before starting ferrous sulfate.
Ferrous sulfate can be toxic if taken in large doses. Keep ferrous sulfate out of reach of children.
If you have any questions or concerns about ferrous sulfate, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.